The National Reserve Of Tambopata
The Tambopata National Reserve is located south of the Madre de Dios River in the Tambopata and Inambari districts of the province of Tambopata, department of Madre de Dios; and its extension is 274 690.00 hectares. The presence of this important protected natural space seeks to conserve the flora, fauna and ecological processes of the tropical forest. Humeda.
The Tambopata river basin presents one of the highest rates of biological diversity in the world. The Tambopata National Reserve is located in the middle and lower part of this basin, adjacent to the city of Puerto Maldonado. Among its most common ecosystems are aguajales, marshes, pacales and riparian forests, whose physical characteristics allow local people to take advantage of natural resources.
The Tambopata National Reserve houses mainly aquatic habitats that are used as stands for more than 40 species of transcontinental migratory birds. The national reserve protects important species considered endangered and offers tourism a privileged destination for the observation of the diversity of wild flora and fauna.
In the buffer zone are the native communities of Palma Real, Sonene and Infierno belonging to the ethnolinguistic group Ese ‘Eja; and the Kotsimba native community of the Puquirieri ethnolinguistic group.
In the RNTMB has been reported the presence of more than 632 species of birds, 1,200 of butterflies, 103 of amphibians, 180 of fish, 169 of mammals and 103 of reptiles. Inside are healthy habitats for the recovery and refuge of threatened populations of species such as the river wolf (Pteronura brasiliensis), otter (Lontra longicaudis) and felines such as yaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi), puma (Puma concolor), the jaguar (Panthera onca), the ocelot or tiger (Leopardus pardalis) and the margay (Leopardus wiedii).
Among the species of primates are the maquisapa (Ateles chamek), the pichico (Saguinus fuscicollis), the pichico emperador (Saguinus imperator), the monkey preserve (Alouatta seniculus), the monkey cabecinegro (Aotus nigriceps), the choro monkey (Lagothrix labyricha), the monk (Saimiri boliviensis), the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus), the white machin (Cebus albifrons) and the black machin (Cebus apella).
Other species of mammals that stand out among the wildlife are sachavaca (Tapirus terrestris), huangana (Tayassu pecari), sajino (Tayassu tajacu), red deer (Mazama americana), gray deer (Mazama gouazoubira) and sloths of two fingers (Choloepus hoffmanni) and three (Bradypus variegatus).
As for birds, the presence of the harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja), the crested eagle (Morphus guianensis), the common paujil (Mitu tuberosa), the unicorn paujil (Pauxi unicornis) and the carunculate paujil (Crax globulosa). In the RNTMB is almost all the species of macaws that inhabit Peru.
Reptiles are mainly represented by the boa emerald (Corallus caninus), the macaw parrot (Bothrops bilineatus), boa constrictor (Boa constrictor) and shushupe (Lachesis muta). It is also common to observe the black caiman (Melanosuchus niger), the white alligator (Caiman crocodylus) and the taricaya (Podocnemis unifilis).
The fish also present a great variety, among them the boquichico (Prochilodus nigricans), the Salmon zungaro (Brachyplatystoma filamentosum), the Yahuarachi (Potamorrhyna latior), the dorado (Brachyplatystoma flavicans) and the paco (Piaractus brachipomun). Among non-commercial fish are shad (Brycon spp.), Smooth (Schizodon fasciatus) and catfish (Pimelodus sp.).
A very important species that is conserved in the TAMBOPATA NATIONAL RESERVE is the chestnut (Bertholletia excelsa), which grows on non-flooded terraces of the Amazonian lowland. In Peru it is located exclusively in the eastern strip of the department of Madre de Dios and is the most important non-timber commercial species, with a great impact on the local economy. It forms a valuable part of the habitat of numerous species of mammals as a source of food as well as a shelter for nesting rapac birds. The most visited tourist destination is Lake Sandoval, located in the Madre de Dios River basin. This 127-hectare water mirror is surrounded by palm trees full of macaws and is only half an hour by river from Puerto Maldonado. In its waters, which can be traversed in boats of ride that rent the local inhabitants and the shelters, inhabits a numerous family of river wolves to which it is appreciated hunting and grooming on the trunks. There is also an observatory tower for a panoramic view.
In the basin of the Tambopata River, upstream, there are other important lakes, such as Cocococha, 2 hours from Puerto Maldonado and also with the presence of river wolves; and Sachavacayoc, located 3 hours from Puerto Maldonado where there is a camp area to spend the night.
Traversing the Tambopata River is the ravine El Gato with its waterfall. Very close to there are the rapids of Baltimorillo. The characteristic attractions of Tambopata are the cliffs that are found on the banks of the rivers bringing together hundreds of birds (macaws, hawks and parrots) offering a spectacle of color and spectacular sound (all this especially between 5:30 and 9: 00 am).
Mammals such as sajinos, huanganas and sachavacas usually come at night, usually at night. The Chuncho and Colorado hills are located on the left bank of the Tambopata River. The latter is considered the largest known collpa in the entire Peruvian Amazon. Within the RNTMB has been identified several places with several cliffs and with several beaches where in addition, you can see caimans, sachavacas, ronsocos and other species.
The average annual temperature is 26º C, fluctuating between 10º and 38º C. Low temperatures are conditioned by cold Antarctic winds that arrive through the Andes and enter the Amazon basin. The presence of cold winds occurs with greater intensity in the months of June and July. Rainfall occurs in the months of December to March